The Sphinx is considered the largest monumental statue in the world, carved into a single rock spur. The colossal statue, which fuses the zoomorphic element (leonine body) with the human one (human head), with the elongated body, the outstretched legs and a real headdress, is the symbol of the archaeological mysteries par excellence, with its eyes fixed to the the eastern horizon, as it scrutinizes the rising sun every morning, bridging the imagination of tourists and curious, historical and otherwise. Its name, which derives from the ancient Greek and means "strangler", highlights the aggressive and mysterious aspect of this construction.
The Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II (1279 BCE - 1213 BCE) had several giants of himself erected over the territory of ancient Egypt. Of these, the most famous are certainly those that adorn the entrance of the main temple to Abu Simbel, in addition to that placed for a long time in the square of the Cairo station (and later transferred to the Grand Egyptian Museum) and the one preserved, lying Menfi.
The Pyramid of Cheops, also known as the Great Pyramid of Giza or Pyramid of Khufu, is the oldest and largest of the three main pyramids of the Giza necropolis. It is the oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world and is the only one still standing. Egyptologists believe that the pyramid is the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops (4th dynasty) and that it was built around 2560 BC. According to some, it was built by the royal architect Hemiunu, with an original height of 146.6 m, reduced to the current 138.8 due to atmospheric phenomena.
Spend a day in ancient Egypt visiting the Pharaonic Village. Walking through the streets of the park you can come across the Pharaoh, or the pyramid workers, boat builders or peasants of ancient Egypt. Get to know the life and habits of the Egyptian people at the time of the great Pharaohs. You will discover how the mummification took place, what their beliefs were and how those marvelous monuments were built that have attracted millions of visitors to Egypt for centuries.
The funerary complex of Djoser, better known by its generic name of stepped pyramid is a funerary structure erected in the necropolis of Saqqara, north-east of the ancient city of Menfi. It was erected for the burial of Djoser, ruler of the III dynasty, by his architect Imhotep.
The Giza pyramid complex is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. It includes the three Great Pyramids (Khufu/Cheops, Khafre/Chephren and Menkaure), the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex. It is located in the Western Desert, approximately 9 km (5 mi) west of the Nile river at the old town of Giza, and about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Cairo city centre.
The Pyramid of Khafre or of Chephren (Arabic: هرم خفرع, translit. haram ḵafraʿ, IPA: [haram xafraʕ]) is the second-tallest and second-largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who ruled from c. 2558 to 2532 BC.
Saqqara is one of the numerous necropolis located near Cairo, which offers an interesting retrospective. In fact, Saqqara is considered by some to be even more significant than the Giza necropolis from an archaeological point of view. This huge site in fact houses the tombs of a period just before the Old Kingdom until the Greek period. The most famous structure by far is the Zoser stepped pyramid. Dating back to the third dynasty, (2667. 2448 BC) this was one of the first complexes built entirely of stone.