The Chan el-Chalili (Arabic خان الخليلي Chan al-Chalili, DMG Ḫān al-Ḫalīlī, often in English Khan el Khalili) is a suq / bazaar in the old city of Cairo. The market, located west of Saiyidna el-Husain Mosque, is considered to be the largest in Africa and was founded in the 14th century as a caravansary and trading post on the site of a former Mamluk cemetery. The name goes back to its builder Emir Dscharkas al-Chalili, who came from Hebron and therefore the name al-Chalili (Hebrew for Arabic).
The Manial Palace is said to have been built for Prince Mohammad Ali between 1899 and 1929. The palace was given to the Egyptian nation in 1955. Prince Muhammad Ali is the first cousin of King Faruq and the younger brother of Khedive Abbas II Hilmi. The complex consists of six structures. Among these structures is a museum in which Faruq's hunting trophies are found, the prince's residence and furnishings and a museum in which some of the family's memorabilia are found. There are also gardens that have beautiful plants and flowers that are worth seeing
The Pyramid of Khafre or of Chephren (Arabic: هرم خفرع, translit. haram ḵafraʿ, IPA: [haram xafraʕ]) is the second-tallest and second-largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who ruled from c. 2558 to 2532 BC.
Built between 1824 and 1848 in the Turkish style of the mosques of Istanbul, the Mosque of Muhammad Ali is one of the most impressive and spectacular in the Citadel. It is also called "Albastro Mosque" for the material used in the cladding. The arcaded courtyard has a fountain for the ablutions in the center and has a small square tower with clock. The interior of the mosque is bare of any human and divine figuration due to an express prohibition of the Muslim religion. This led artists to develop geometric decorative themes and various forms of arabesque calligraphy to bring the verses of the Koran back to the walls. These scriptures are so elaborate that only specialists can read them.
The Giza pyramid complex is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. It includes the three Great Pyramids (Khufu/Cheops, Khafre/Chephren and Menkaure), the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex. It is located in the Western Desert, approximately 9 km (5 mi) west of the Nile river at the old town of Giza, and about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Cairo city centre.
Founded originally in 1176 by the Muslim leader Saladin, who built the walls and powerful towers with stone blocks taken from the Pyramids of Giza, the fortress was the seat of power for 700 years. The heads of state of Egypt moved away from the medieval quarters around 1875, choosing as their home the newly built Abdin Palace, but the citadel retained its military role until the 1970s. Although the army still retains parts of the complex with restricted access, most of the structure is open to the public and it is possible to spend half a day visiting mosques, museums and other monuments enclosed within the walls.
The Sphinx is considered the largest monumental statue in the world, carved into a single rock spur. The colossal statue, which fuses the zoomorphic element (leonine body) with the human one (human head), with the elongated body, the outstretched legs and a real headdress, is the symbol of the archaeological mysteries par excellence, with its eyes fixed to the the eastern horizon, as it scrutinizes the rising sun every morning, bridging the imagination of tourists and curious, historical and otherwise. Its name, which derives from the ancient Greek and means "strangler", highlights the aggressive and mysterious aspect of this construction.